Semester 2 Vocabulary

Semester 1 Vocabulary

HW#24 - Female Reproductive System (female reproduction, ovary/ovaries, uterus)

posted Jan 13, 2016, 7:01 AM by Maria Clausen   [ updated Jan 19, 2016, 6:45 AM ]

Female reproductive system - produces eggs, allows for the creation of offspring (a child)

Ovary - makes eggs, releases hormones

Uterus - where the fetus (baby) develops

HW#23 - Male Reproductive System - male reproduction, testes/testicle, sperm

posted Jan 13, 2016, 6:57 AM by Maria Clausen   [ updated Jan 19, 2016, 6:44 AM ]

Male reproductive system - produces sperm

testes/testicle - makes sperm

sperm - male sex cell that has half the total number of chromosomes (the other half comes from the woman's egg)

HW # 22 - Biotechnology, Selective Breeding, Genetic Engineering

posted Jan 4, 2016, 10:34 AM by Melissa Cipriano   [ updated Jan 4, 2016, 10:42 AM ]

On page 92 in your Science notebook, please write the following words and definitions, and complete the prompts.  

Biotechnology- changing an organism for a specific goal like creating medicine or a better food

Selective Breeding- breeding plants or animals for a specific trait.

Genetic Engineering- transferring or moving specific traits, or genes, from one organism to another.

HW # 21 - Biodiversity, Chromatography, Gel Electrophoresis

posted Dec 14, 2015, 12:45 PM by Melissa Cipriano   [ updated Dec 14, 2015, 12:46 PM ]

On page 77 in your Science notebook, please write the following words and definitions, and complete the two prompts.  

Biodiversity- different types of life.

Chromatography- process of separating different colors (molecules).

Gel Electrophoresis- a process to compare DNA.

HW #20 - Protein, Ribosome, Protein Synthesis/Gene Expression

posted Nov 17, 2015, 6:13 AM by Maria Clausen   [ updated Nov 22, 2015, 1:59 PM ]

On page 70 in your Science notebook, please write the following words and definitions, and complete the two prompts.  

Protein - a STRUCTURE or chain of amino acids that is folded into a specific shape and has a specific job. 
One fact about a protein:
Protein reminds you of: 

Ribosome - the ORGANELLES where proteins are made
Write a sentence using ribosome:
"Ribosome" reminds you of...

Protein synthesis or gene expression - the PROCESS of starting with a specific gene (DNA), making mRNA, making an amino acid, lining up the amino acids and folding them into a protein. 
Write a sentence using "protein synthesis":
"Protein synthesis" reminds you of...

HW #19 - Practice Regents Questions

posted Nov 17, 2015, 6:12 AM by Maria Clausen

HW #18: Summarize Mitosis

posted Nov 13, 2015, 7:22 AM by Maria Clausen


On page 65 in your science notebook, craft a summary of mitosis.


Suggestions to include:

  • How many steps in the process?

  • What is the parent cell doing?

  • Examples (at least 2)

  • Why is mitosis important?

HW #17 - Mitosis, asexual reproduction and cloning

posted Nov 10, 2015, 8:06 AM by Maria Clausen   [ updated Nov 12, 2015, 8:58 AM ]

Mitosis - A four step process that starts with one parent cell and makes 2 daughter cells. 

Asexual reproduction - An organism that reproduces by itself (budding or mitosis)

Clone - The same exact organism - with the same DNA 

HW #16: Nucleus, Chromosome, DNA, Gene, DNA Base Sequence

posted Nov 5, 2015, 5:53 AM by Melissa Cipriano   [ updated Nov 5, 2015, 5:54 AM ]

On pages 56-57 in your Science notebook, please write the following words, definitions, a sentence and what the word reminds you of. 

Nucleus- the brain of the cell that holds the DNA.

Chromosome- an organized structure of DNA.

DNA- holds the code that makes up who you are.

Gene- a specific part of DNA that holds the code for a specific trait or characteristic.

DNA Base Sequence- the order of DNA that determines what type of traits you have. 

HW #15: Scientific Method Practice Worksheet

posted Oct 28, 2015, 7:05 AM by Maria Clausen

Something new! No vocabulary in your notebook. 

Use the definitions on page 53 to help you complete this worksheet

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